What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of numerous associated diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the really small units that comprise all living things, consisting of the human body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer takes place when cells that are not normal grow and spread extremely quickly. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. Gradually, they likewise die. Unlike these typical cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and do not die when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells normally group or clump together to form growths (say: TOO-mers). A growing tumor ends up being a swelling of cancer cells that can destroy the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody really sick.
In some cases cancer cells break away from the initial growth and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a brand-new place in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- maybe even you. But you most likely do not know any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a large football arena with kids, probably just one kid because arena would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some people get cancer and others don't. They do understand that cancer is not contagious. You can't capture it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't caused by bacteria, like colds or the influenza are. So do not hesitate of other kids-- or anyone else-- with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug somebody with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, especially cigarette smoking cigarettes or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
It can take a while for a physician to find out a kid has cancer. That's since the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight-loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling extremely worn out or sick for a while-- generally are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's frequently brought on by something less serious, like an infection. With medical testing, the doctor can figure out what's causing the trouble.
If the physician presumes cancer, he or she can do tests to determine if that's the problem. A doctor might buy X-rays and blood tests and advise the individual go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a physician who takes care of and deals with cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to find out if someone really has cancer. If so, tests can determine what type of cancer it is and if it has actually infected other parts of the body. Based on the outcomes, the physician will decide the finest Great site method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is gotten rid of from a tumor or a location in the body where cancer is suspected, like the bone marrow. Do not fret-- someone getting this test will get unique medicine to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be analyzed under a microscope for cancer cells.
The earlier cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's chances are for a full recovery and treatment.
Dealing With Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. Throughout surgical treatment, the physician attempts to get as numerous cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may likewise be removed to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the use of anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are in some cases taken as a pill, but typically are offered through an unique intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, generally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.